Diet planning Principles: The key area while planning a diet like Calorie control, Moderation, Nutrient density, Variety, Balance, and Adequacy. These principles are taken care of by the human nutrition professionals in order to devise an effective diet care plan.
- Adequacy: To manage the energy and nutrient needs for better health
- Balance: It assists in ensuring adequacy.
- Energy control/Calories: Tracking the energy/ calorie intake to promote balance.
- Nutrient Density: Enhancing the levels of nutrient intake in daily diet, and decreasing the calories counts.
- Variety: Involving some aspects of diversity to maintain the amounts of nutrients.
- Moderation: Maintaining a healthy approach to define the balance between too much and too little.
Public health and clinical nutrition: Public health and nutrition deals with complex nutrition information at community levels. The main objectives for public health and clinical nutrition professionals are to work with communities, developing food security action groups and developing local solutions. However, students enrolled in this discipline must have a solid understanding of the fundamental of the subject and questions asked in the assignments. Our professional assignment writers have penned down some topics that can be asked in your assignments.
- Disease-related module
- Fundamentals of nutrition and metabolism
- Disease and disordered eating
- Therapeutic Aspect of nutrition
- Practical nutritional Assessment
- Malnutrition and community.
Macronutrient range: AMDR (Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range), it is the percentage of the total calorie consumed by an individual in a day. Every macronutrient including protein, fat, carbohydrates, have an AMDR of their own. however, some topics are discussed in this article that can assist you in scoring well in the examinations:
- RDA Recommended Dietary Allowance
- EAR Estimated Average requirements
- AI Adequate Intake
- UL Tolerable Upper Intake Level
- EER Estimated Energy Requirements
Food consumption and nutrition assessment: Nutrition assessment is a systematic process to collect and interpret nutritional data essential to making decisions associated with the health of an individual. To make a proper dietary plan it is crucial to involve various factors associated with Food consumption and nutrition assessment. There are various methods that can play a major role in making a precise assessment like Diet history interviews, Weighted food records, 24-h recalls, etc.
Nutrient needs in the lifecycle: The nutritional needs of an individual can vary according to the phase of the lifecycle. The development phase from infancy and childhood to almost all the stages of our lifecycle need an adequate amount of nutrients. The need for essential amino acids, essential fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, and carbohydrates are necessary for the healthy and overall development of an individual. Various stages of the lifecycle include Fertility, Pregnancy and Lactation, Infancy and Early Childhood, Adolescence and Adulthood, etc.
Risk for deficiency: Deficiency diseases, like Anaemia, Endemic Goitre, kwashiorkor, marasmus, vitamin A deficiency, etc. occurs due to deficiency of some or the other macronutrients. In the case of Anaemia, deficiency of iron (not enough of haemoglobin) stands as the sole reason. Another macronutrients deficiency occurs due to Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, vitamin B2 complex, vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin K deficiency.
Energy balance, body weight and chronic diseases: In simple terms, an energy balance is achieved when the energy intake maintains equilibrium with energy expenditure. It assists the professionals in tracking the overall change in the bodyweight of an individual. Along with this, chronic diseases are also very crucial for maintaining an all-round development of the human body. Some of the best examples of the chronic illness are Alzheimer’s disease, ALS, Arthritis, Asthma, and COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease).
Role of starches and fibre in food and human nutrition?
Foods with starch are considered the best sources of energy and consist of diverse types of nutrients in our diet. Starch is a good source of fibre, iron, B vitamins, and Iron. Human nutrition professionals also focus on fibre. Fibre can be found in a range of food items like Cell walls of vegetables, pulses, foods, cereal, which helps clear the waste products and get them easily out of the gut. To make you aware of the answer writing process, our professional assignment helper has penned down some issues associated with fibre in a diet plan.
- Gut motility
- Bodyweight and Abdominal adiposity
- Insulin sensitivity and Metabolic health
- Gut microflora and metabolites
- Chronic inflammation
Explains the Factors influencing bioavailability?
The rate at which the active moiety (metabolite) enters systematic circulation to access the site of action. Some crucial factors that must be included in the answer are Time of maximum concentration, Plasma drug concentration, and Peak of drug concentration. Also, high hepatic extraction while addressing drug dosage can be crucial. Understand the problems and address the specific areas of this topic like the stages of drug delivery mechanism like contents of the stomach, Gut wall, and in Liver. However, factors influencing bioavailability can be classified into Physiological and Physicochemical.
- Gastrointestinal pH interactions
- Stomach emptying
- Intestinal motility
- Passage of drugs across the GI membrane
- Complexation Adsorption Charge Diffusivity
- Stability of drug in GI fluids
- Solubility of the drug in GI fluids
Role of nutrition in prevention and management of chronic diseases.
As discussed above, chronic illness are those diseases in which the body retains certain symptoms that can last for more than a year. Factors like controlling body weight, physical activeness, adequate fibre intake, and limiting saturated fats can make a positive shield against chronic diseases. Students must have in-depth research in such topics that have the highest possibility of appearing in the examinations.
- The role of sugars and grains in accelerating the risk of strokes is evident and maintaining a healthy and nutrition-rich diet can assist in avoiding such circumstances.
- In the case of Type 2 diabetes, the risk associated with high consumption of proteins replacing carbohydrates can be controlled by a nutrient-rich diet.
- Nutrition also plays a crucial role in managing obesity, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and insulin resistance.
- Describe current health promotion strategies and dietary guidelines.
- Discuss hunger and global environmental and problems related to food and nutrition?