Ambulatory care: It refers to the medical services provided on an outpatient basis, including consultation, observation, intervention, treatment, and rehabilitation services. Basically, this forms a key pillar of health care system in handling patients at remote locations or on case of any emergency. Treatments usually for preventive health care and chronic illness can be performed on this basis.
Palliative care: Palliative care refers to the care offered to the patients suffering for terminal illness or facing serious or life-threatening issues. It is most often a patient-centred care that focuses on relieving the conditions. It also focusses on an approach to improve the overall health status of the patient. It includes pain management, personal support service, physiotherapy, and symptom management.
Residential care: Long term care offered to the patient in his/her residential settings, rather than providing care at his/her own residence. Various arrangements like residential schools, residential childcare, child disability care, and foster care institutions finds a key place in the modern health care system. Adults’ disability care, geriatric care, and hospice care can be counted as residential care facilities.
Epidemiology: Having its own techniques of data collection and interpretation epidemiology studies the cause of disease and health outcomes in populations. It is a systematic, scientific, and data-driven approach to calculate the risk factors associated with the community. It tries to recognize public health problems and investigate the reasons behind them.
Factors associated with epidemiology:
- Comparing disease rate
- Measurement error and bias
- Planning and conducting surveys
- Experimental studies
- Outbreaks of disease
Health programs and planning: The planning to provide health care at the community level needs a lot of planning and a systematic approach. Model care planning process followed at the state level includes, Identify, Prepare, Manage, and Execute. It also includes health care goals like patient priority issues and goals for self-management. Do try to learn various factors associated with topic like SMART (Specific, Measurable, Relevant, and Time-bound) as it makes a substantial part of community care.
Disaster management: Disaster of any type or nature is the biggest vulnerability for any community. It can be a natural disaster like a pandemic, earthquake, or flood causing heavy damage to the community health and infrastructure making them vulnerable to various types of diseases. Mitigating efforts taken out of awareness secures a crucial place for nursing care for the specific populations under threat.
Community dynamics: Community dynamics is a substantial part of modern health care infrastructure and the programs commissioned for public and community welfare. Community dynamics is associated with the changes visible in the community structure over a span of time. These changes can be attributed to natural disturbances, calamities, or hazards faced by the community in a gradual time period.
Community assessment: Various types of community assessments like focus groups, community surveys, key informant interviews, and community forums can be a decisive factor in making a proper community health improvement plan. The benefits of community assessments
include improving community and organizational coordination, identifying loopholes in the existing strategy and plans, evaluating performance of healthcare professionals and their impact at the community levels.
Community diagnosis and individual diagnosis?
Students enlisted in nursing especially in community care nursing are aware of the difference between community diagnosis and individual diagnosis. Primary references that are usually considered while marking out the differences are Assessment methods, Signs of illness, Investigations, Preliminary diagnosis, Start treatment, and Follow up. These differences indicate the strategies usually opted while evaluating new plans and strategies. Some of the most prominent topics that are usually asked in the assignments are: Observation, Topographical features, leadership patterns, Conflicting power groups, Combine action plan, medications, etc.
Importance of data collection in community care nursing?
Defining demographic indicators, Detecting disparities, Reaching populations facing inequalities are the most primary concerns for the working professionals. Data collection allows healthcare professionals in maintaining a holistic view of the medical history and health status of the community, improve communication, advance treatment methods, and develops proficient connection between the demands and the requirements of the community regarding professional community nursing. The methods that are usually preferred for gathering medical information includes. CRM integrated customer relationship management system to handle general information, and EHR i.e., Electronic Health record system. In the contemporary scenario mobile applications are also very useful in gathering medical data.
Description of the communicable disease their cause and symptoms?
Communicable and infectious disease: communicable disease also known as transmissible disease, are those disease originated out of infection, or growth of a pathogenic vector or biological agent capable of making disastrous impact on the human health. The vectors or disease-causing biological agents involves multicellular and unicellular pathogens like, bacteria, protozoa, parasite, and virus. Being capable of transmission at community levels it can be of substantial importance for community care nursing professionals. Focus on the causes and symptoms of various transmissible diseases, also having an in-depth knowledge of their mode of transmission, treatments and complications can be beneficial for writing an exceptional assignment for this subject.
Mode of community care and awareness at the grassroot level?
- University/School health centre
- Transitional care facility