How to Learn Ethical Hacking? Tools & Techniques to Hone your Hacking Skills
What is ethical hacking? Learn from professionals
Ethical hacking basically refers to the inappropriate use of hacking techniques to find security-related loopholes in a network only with prior permission. The word ‘offensive’ used in the definition does not mean to confuse you. Yet, you have to read more of this article to get this. Still, in simple terms, ethical hacking is performed by a professional to expose vulnerabilities in an active application, software, or network. In this blog, we have tried to cover nearly all the crucial aspects associated with ethical hacking that will prove beneficial to trainees registered in programming or coding courses.
Students usually opt for ethical hacking out of interest, and it is crucial to understand that learning and excelling in this discipline are two totally different tasks. However, some essentials covered by our programming assignment help experts can be helpful for students to clear all their doubts. Starting with the fundamentals like the benefits of ethical hacking, we have tried to cover the ways from which you can learn ethical hacking, types of ethical hacking, types of hacking courses, how to learn hacking online, and ethical hacking assignments. You can skip the basics and directly jump on the tools and techniques part.
In this fast-changing environment, where IT and the internet have carved out their ways to the day-to-day operation of nearly all organisations, there remains a constant fear of data theft. An organisation carries strategic as well as financial information that can put a threat to the existence of the entire organisation if hacked. Incidents of hacking and its dimensions have grown in the recent past, and now it is a must for an organisation to secure all their vital information and credentials. However, this has promoted an exponential upsurge in the number of students getting themselves enrolled in this subject, aspiring for new opportunities. This sounds to be a fundamental reason why you should choose ethical hacking as a career alternative. Let’s get started!
Benefits of ethical hacking or white-hat hacking
As discussed above, ethical hacking is the best tool for an organisation to keep a check on their network’s security. Let’s cover in detail the benefits of ethical hacking practices.
- It helps an organisation to protect its information from various cyberattacks like Denial-of-services.
- It provides an opportunity to track the unlawful attempt to breach the organisation’s security.
- A company also employs an ethical hacker to gather substantial data associated with the health of the security measures.
- Studying the loopholes helps the organisations to improve or eliminate them and organise a more secure program.
- Ethical hacking offers enormous advantages to organisations like banking and financial institutions.
Although independent ethical hacking is deemed to be illegal, many companies try deploying an in-house team of competent professionals to perform white hat hacking to assure system security.
A proven way to master any discipline is to comprehend the fundamentals associated with it. In this case, students trying to learn ethical hacking need to cover the introductory measures performed by the hackers. We have described some of the core steps that will help you get the crux of actually how it works.
- Data accumulation: The primary step where hackers try to identify the target. It includes DNS records, Network, IP Address range, etc.
- Examining: At this stage, hackers try to virtually scan the network for vulnerabilities, like port scanners, network mappers, sweepers, dialers, and various vulnerability detector tools to evaluate the real-time data.
- Access: Hackers, in this stage, commence the process of gaining access that starts with shortlisting a few potential parameters that can assist them in intruding the system security.
- Documenting and reporting: After running a few tests, an ethical hacker then documents the vulnerabilities to develop an effective strategy to eliminate such attempts in future.
How to learn ethical hacking online?
Basically, there are numerous sources available on the internet that can be valuable if you are trying to master ethical hacking. It becomes extremely difficult for us to document a specific course, but our assignment experts have offered you some core components that you can search for before choosing a course online.
Network hacking: Essential for both wired and wireless networks, the basic outline of network hacking involves topics like Pre-connection attacks, gaining access, post-connection attacks, etc.
Gaining access: It covers the procedures to control the network, application, or system to access the entire information. The core part you must comprehend in this segment is server-side attack and client-side attack.
It is also crucial to cover the steps necessary to maintain control over the network that is hacked. At the same time, learning ethical hacking is deemed incomplete until you learn website or web application hacking. Well, this was just an overview of what you need to learn before losing yourself in this entirely new domain.
Tools and techniques: must-have components of an ethical hacking course
Ethical hacking techniques
Also known as the art of White-hat hacking, you can discover various hacking techniques used by Black-hat hackers to understand the process and prepare accordingly. However, the target’s approval is the only thing that differentiates the White hat from the black hat hackers. Still, the methods remain the same. Some prominent techniques that are covered under the professional, ethical hacking course involve:
- Social Engineering
- SQL injection
- Session hijacking
- Cryptography, etc.
Ethical hacking tools
Although the primary aim of the hacker is to find out the vulnerabilities in the current network system, the tools and techniques they use are particularly associated with hacking practices. There are ‘n’ number of tools that can assist you in rehearsing the simpler version of what you will address in professional hacking projects. Many tools are free but provide limited access to the user. Still, for learning purposes, they can offer you a comprehensive insight into the system.
NMAP: Short form of Network Mapper, NMAP is an open-source tool widely used by professionals for discovering a target network. It also permits users to conduct a security audit and is competent enough to design a large-scale network. Apart from that, it also helps you determine the types and number of hosts available on the network, the type of firewall used, and the category of services offered by the target.
Burp Suite: If you are looking to execute a security test on web applications, Burp suite will prove to be the best tool for this task. Easy to configure tool, it provides adequate support for the testing procedures and also finds potentially vulnerable aspects of the targeted network.
Wireshark: Wireshark is a free tool to examine the current network traffic. Based on sniffing technology, it keeps you updated with the real-time data in the network. What makes it unique is its core features like Power Graphical User Interface, the ability to export results in multiple layouts, and packet booster technology that comes as an inbuilt feature.
John the Ripper: It belongs to the category of password cracking tools that are frequently used to test password strength. It helps professionals to detect the password type and uses brute force techniques to hack passwords.
Angry IP Scanner: As the name suggests, it assists ethical hackers in scanning web networks as well as local networks. Also, the ability to operate on multiple platforms makes it the most used tool among professionals. You can operate it on Linux, Windows, Mac, etc.
EtherPeek: A network analysis tool that provides ethical hacking solutions to work in a heterogeneous network environment. The primary objective of this tool is to sniff the traffic packets on a network.
SuperScan: It serves the primary objective of scanning a TCP port and best suits a network administrator. It can perform ping scans, view responses, merge port lists, etc. Also, its appealing and interactive user interface makes it one of the most helpful tools for learning purposes.
What is an ethical hacking assignment?
Students struggling to complete their Ethical hacking assignment know the pressure that comes along with the deadlines. Such an exciting subject seems to be a hectic one when it comes to formatting and proofreading the assignments. However, you do not have to bother about it anymore. Professional assignment writing experts hired by our organisation are competent to write a superior write-up for your submission.
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